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    • Join Date: Aug 2008
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    #1

    Reported speech

    hello






    1. If the quotation is in the IMPERATIVE tense, the verb in the original quotation changes to an INFINITIVE. But that holds true also if quotation is a request (asked), an offer ( offered ), a promise ( promised ), an invite ( invited ), suggestion ( suggested ) etc

    So when the above reporting verbs are used we use TO + infinitive!

    a) But, are there cases where reporting verbs that normally are followed by TO + INFINITIVE ( asked, offered etc ) can be used in a reported speech where verb in original quotation is moved one tense back?


    b) Similarly, are there cases where verbs like explained, complained, admitted etc are followed by TO + INFINITIVE ( in reported speech )?

    c) How do you know which reporting verbs can be followed by TO and which can’t?

    d) Is TO always followed by infinitive? Can it be followed by past participle or …? Why not?


    2.
    a) ‘She said:”The moon is big”’

    Are all correct:

    ‘She said that the moon is big.’
    ‘She told me that the moon is big’
    ‘She said to me that the moon is big.’

    b) She said: “Can you tell me what time it is?”

    Are all correct:

    ‘She asked me what time it was.’
    ‘She asked me if I could tell her what time it was.’
    ‘She asked me to tell her the time.’




    thank you

  1. RonBee's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: Reported speech

    Quote Originally Posted by newtothis View Post

    ‘She asked me what time it was.’
    ‘She asked me if I could tell her what time it was.’
    ‘She asked me to tell her the time.’




  2. Raymott's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: Reported speech

    Quote Originally Posted by newtothis View Post
    2.
    a) ‘She said:”The moon is big”’

    Are all correct:

    ‘She said that the moon is big.’
    ‘She told me that the moon is big’
    ‘She said to me that the moon is big.’
    Ron's handled 2b. I'll do 2a.
    The simple answer is again that all are correct.
    Beware of is/was though.
    3. 'She said: "The baby is crying" '.
    ‘She said that the baby was crying.’ etc.
    "Is" is only used for permanent things.
    You could also use "was" for the moon example. It depends on whether she was telling you that the moon is always big (use is), or that it looks big tonight (use was).


    • Join Date: Aug 2008
    • Posts: 10
    #4

    Re: Reported speech

    thank you both

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