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    • Join Date: Oct 2007
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    #1

    Exclamation Using "been" in English

    Hello every body ...
    Iam geting confused in using been in English.
    I know when i use it, but it is complicated.???
    So i want clear grammer rule to follow it..

  1. Barb_D's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: Using "been" in English

    It's a lot easier to help if you post a couple examples of sentences you're not sure about.

    "Been" is the participle of "to be."

    I have been to England.
    I had been in the store for only a moment when the fire broke out in the ice cream aisle.

    {not a teacher}
    Last edited by Barb_D; 16-Aug-2008 at 04:24.


    • Join Date: Oct 2007
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    #3

    Re: Using "been" in English

    Thank you for your replay....


    I have been waiting for 2 hours
    Why we don't use past only like..
    i waited you for 2 hours
    Another example..
    He had been waiting a long time before he left. ??

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    #4

    Exclamation Re: Using "been" in English

    Quote Originally Posted by queen of hearts View Post
    Thank you for your replay....


    I have been waiting for 2 hours
    Why we don't use past only like..
    i waited you for 2 hours
    Another example..
    He had been waiting a long time before he left. ??
    The past expresses an action comlpeted inthe past but here an action is expressed with a duration of time. So you have to use perfect continuous
    The perfect continuous expresses the duration of the current/past/future
    activity.Examples:
    I have been reading this novel since moring.Present perfect continuous- current activity
    He had been studying hard for more than a month and felt confident about the test he was about to take .Past perfect continuous-past activity
    She will have been working for three hours by seven this morning!(future perfect continuous = length of time)

  2. Soup's Avatar
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    English Teacher
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    #5

    Re: Using "been" in English

    [1] I have been waiting for 2 hours.
    => the person is speaking right now; have been waiting expresses a chunk of time that started 2 hours ago and continues up until right now.

    [2] I waited for you for 2 hours.
    => The person is no longer waiting. The waiting happened in the past, which is why the simple past tense is used. It tells us that the event (waiting) is no longer going on.

    [3] He had been waiting a long time before he left.
    => Here the person is no longer waiting, so it's like [2], with the difference that two events are connected in time here:
    Event 1: He waited for a long time
    Event 2: He left
    In English, when two events are connected in time, one before the other, the past perfect is used:
    Event 1: He waited => He had waited, before ...
    Event 1: He has been waiting => He had been waiting, before ...
    The past perfect takes the form HAVE + past participle (e.g., waited, been).

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