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    • Join Date: Aug 2008
    • Posts: 10
    #1

    Couldn’t we also use WILL instead of GOING TO?

    hello


    1. In all of the sentences below going to or infinitive + ing is used instead of will + infinitive. But why? Isn’t will used for predictions, plans, intentions and facts ( don’t all of the sentences below fall into one of these categories? ).


    a)
    ‘You two look really shocked. What is the matter?
    ‘We just learned that we’re going to have twins.’

    Why can’t we use will have instead of going to have?


    b) ‘I thought you had just bought a new dishwasher?’
    ‘Yes. It’s being/going to be delivered tomorrow.’

    Why not will be delivered instead of being/going to be delivered?


    c)
    ‘Can you meet me after work?’
    ‘I’d love to, but John’s taking/going to take me out for dinner tonight.’

    Why not will take me instead of taking/going to take me?





    2.
    a) ‘She starts working here next week’

    Why can’t we also used to workinstead of working?


    b) ‘We all enjoy spending/to spend money.’

    Why can’t we also used to spendinstead of spending?



    3. I know that using goes is not correct and instead we must use going toform, but besides arguing that it just sounds more correct, I can’t explain why it actually is more correct:

    ‘Next week she goes/is going to Madrid.’



    thank you

  1. tzfujimino's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Japanese
      • Home Country:
      • Japan
      • Current Location:
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    • Join Date: Dec 2007
    • Posts: 2,695
    #2

    Re: Couldn’t we also use WILL instead of GOING TO?

    1. In all of the sentences below going to or infinitive + ing is used instead of will + infinitive. But why? Isn’t will used for predictions, plans, intentions and facts ( don’t all of the sentences below fall into one of these categories? ).

    a)
    ‘You two look really shocked. What is the matter?
    ‘We just learned that we’re going to have twins.’

    Why can’t we use will have instead of going to have?

    Predicting the future on the basis of the present evidence
    Future action or event is on the way, or starting to happen.
    'will' is not appropriate here.

    b) ‘I thought you had just bought a new dishwasher?’
    ‘Yes. It’s being/going to be delivered tomorrow.’

    Why not will be delivered instead of being/going to be delivered?

    Personal arrangements and fixed plans (the time and place have been decided)
    'will' is not appropriate.

    c)
    ‘Can you meet me after work?’
    ‘I’d love to, but John’s taking/going to take me out for dinner tonight.’

    Why not will take me instead of taking/going to take me?

    Personal arrangements and fixed plans (the time and place have been decided)
    Again, 'will' is not appropriate.

    'will' tends to be used when the decision or prediction is made at the time of speaking. I don't think it is used for 'arrangements' or 'plans'.


    2.
    a) ‘She starts working here next week’

    Why can’t we also used to workinstead of working?

    Yes, I believe you can.


    b) ‘We all enjoy spending/to spend money.’

    Why can’t we also used to spendinstead of spending?

    -ing form(gerund) is required here.


    3. I know that using goes is not correct and instead we must use going toform, but besides arguing that it just sounds more correct, I can’t explain why it actually is more correct:

    ‘Next week she goes/is going to Madrid.’

    Hmmm...it's a bit tricky for me, too..
    I guess they are both correct, the reason being 'The simple present can be used to talk about the future, which is common when talking about events that are part of a timetable or something similar.'


    I'm not a native speaker of English.
    Please wait for native speakers to respond.

    P.S
    I've provided some information from 'Practical English Usage - Michael Swan'


    • Join Date: May 2008
    • Posts: 810
    #3

    Re: Couldn’t we also use WILL instead of GOING TO?

    I have a couple of points to mention.


    2.
    a) ‘She starts working here next week’

    Why can’t we also used to workinstead of working?

    Yes, I believe you can.

    The bare infinitive would be fine.

    She starts work here next week.


    3. I know that using goes is not correct and instead we must use going toform, but besides arguing that it just sounds more correct, I can’t explain why it actually is more correct:

    ‘Next week she goes/is going to Madrid.’

    Hmmm...it's a bit tricky for me, too..
    I guess they are both correct, the reason being 'The simple present can be used to talk about the future, which is common when talking about events that are part of a timetable or something similar.'

    This isn't the typical going to future form. This is going + the preposition to. In other words: travelling towards.

    It is an example of using the present continuous (is going) to talk about the future.

    I would use the present continuous.


    I am not a teacher.

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