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  1. skymoon's Avatar

    • Join Date: Aug 2007
    • Posts: 50
    #1

    "forget" or "have forgotten"

    Hi All,

    I am so confuesed when using the words "forget" and "have forgotten" in terms of tenses differences. Please tell me which one is correct in the sentences below, and why?

    1. I have forgotten what I have learned in my primery school.

    2. I forget what I have learned in my primary school.

    Tks,
    skymoon


    • Join Date: May 2008
    • Posts: 810
    #2

    Re: "forget" or "have forgotten"

    1. I have forgotten what I learned at/during primary school.

    We use the present perfect when we want to talk about things which happened in the past but are somehow connected to the present.

    In this sentence you explain that you no longer, at the time of speaking, remember what you learned at primary school.


    2. I forget what I have learned in my primary school.


    You would use the simple present to make general statements.

    I forget things all the time. (general statement)


    I am not a teacher.

  2. BobK's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
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      • UK
      • Current Location:
      • UK

    • Join Date: Jul 2006
    • Posts: 16,038
    #3

    Re: "forget" or "have forgotten"

    But sometimes, informally, (in certain contexts - possibly when there's no object - I'll have to think about this), people use the simple present - 'I forget', where one would expect 'I have forgotten'. But this usage is quite informal - don't try it in an exam!

    b

  3. Raymott's Avatar
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    • Join Date: Jun 2008
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    #4

    Re: "forget" or "have forgotten"

    Quote Originally Posted by skymoon View Post
    Hi All,

    I am so confuesed when using the words "forget" and "have forgotten" in terms of tenses differences. Please tell me which one is correct in the sentences below, and why?

    1. I have forgotten what I have learned in my primery school.

    2. I forget what I have learned in my primary school.

    Tks,
    skymoon
    Neither is correct. Here are some correct sentences:
    1. I have forgotten what I had learned in my primary school.
    1b. I have forgotten what I learned in my primary school.
    2. I forget what I learned in my primary school.

    Again the rule about present perfect with time adverbials prevents you from saying "... I've learned in my primary school"

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