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    artificial subject "there"

    Dear teachers,

    Would you be kind enough to explain to me the following peculiarity of English grammar?

    I know something about the usage of the artificial subject “there”.

    Can you get there by car?
    Hello, are you there?
    Who’s there?
    There is only one step from the sublime to the ridiculous.
    There is nothing more tragic in life, than the utter impossibility of changing what you have done.
    There is nothing more difficult than to write a simple honest story about a man. There are several most beautiful ancient churches in V.Tirnovo.
    There is only tem minutes left before the train arrives.


    There was no rain in the desert there.
    There is good hunting in the forests there.
    Is there a new film on at the Writer’s Club? Yes, there is a new film on there.

    Thank you for your efforts.



    • Join Date: Aug 2008
    • Posts: 9
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    Re: artificial subject "there"

    You must distinguish between...

    There, adverb of place:

    - I saw a very tall man there yesterday afternoon.


    There are and there is, forms used to express “existence of”:

    - There are many girls walking in the park.

    - There is a lot of salt in the packet.

    When you happen to find both "theres" in the same sentence, it won't be difficult for you to see which one is each if you bear in mind that the second type of "there" is always accompanied by the verb "to be" and that the first type is never accompanied by any verb):

    - There are * too many cushions there **.

    * "Existence of"
    ** Adverb of place

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