Results 1 to 4 of 4
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • England
      • Current Location:
      • Italy

    • Join Date: Sep 2008
    • Posts: 2
    #1

    use of to

    I am struggling to explain to Italian friends why we sometimes use to and sometimes not for example

    I said to my mother......
    I told my mother.....

    I vaguely remember a rule somewhere from my schooldays that said it was not always necessary to use to in sentences but I may be wrong andif there is a rule does it apply to all other prepositions?

    thanks

  1. Raymott's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • Australia
      • Current Location:
      • Australia

    • Join Date: Jun 2008
    • Posts: 24,091
    #2

    Re: use of to

    Quote Originally Posted by exiledblue View Post
    I am struggling to explain to Italian friends why we sometimes use to and sometimes not for example

    I said to my mother......
    I told my mother.....

    I vaguely remember a rule somewhere from my schooldays that said it was not always necessary to use to in sentences but I may be wrong andif there is a rule does it apply to all other prepositions?

    thanks
    It depends on the verb. "said" requires to; told doesn't.
    I would explain that it is similar to prepositions after Italian verbs; some verbs require a, some di, some nothing. Of course, that doesn't help to explain which verbs require which, either in English or Italian.

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Chinese
      • Home Country:
      • Hong Kong
      • Current Location:
      • Hong Kong

    • Join Date: May 2007
    • Posts: 845
    #3

    Re: use of to

    Quote Originally Posted by exiledblue View Post
    I am struggling to explain to Italian friends why we sometimes use to and sometimes not for example

    I said to my mother......
    I told my mother.....

    I vaguely remember a rule somewhere from my schooldays that said it was not always necessary to use to in sentences but I may be wrong andif there is a rule does it apply to all other prepositions?

    thanks
    It is the nature of the verb that counts.
    Since "said" is an intransitive verb, a preposition "to" must be added before the noun that follows. However, "told" is a transitive, so it must be followed by a direct object(a noun) without a preposition.
    Hope that may help.
    (Not a teacher)

  2. Raymott's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • Australia
      • Current Location:
      • Australia

    • Join Date: Jun 2008
    • Posts: 24,091
    #4

    Re: use of to

    Quote Originally Posted by albertino View Post
    It is the nature of the verb that counts.
    Since "said" is an intransitive verb, a preposition "to" must be added before the noun that follows. However, "told" is a transitive, so it must be followed by a direct object(a noun) without a preposition.
    Hope that may help.
    (Not a teacher)
    Say can be transitive or intransitive.
    I said something to my mother. something is the direct object of said, so said is transitive.
    I told my mother something. something is the direct object of told, so told is transitive.
    In both cases, my mother is the indirect object.

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •