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    • Join Date: May 2007
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    #1

    why referring not refering, why considering not considerring??

    In the word "referring", we need to double r while in the word "considering", doubling r is not acceptable. why? Is there a rule to follow?

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    #2

    Re: why referring not refering, why considering not considerring??

    Quote Originally Posted by Matthewxua View Post
    In the word "referring", we need to double r while in the word "considering", doubling r is not acceptable. why? Is there a rule to follow?
    Like refer are defer, prefer, confer etc. You only double the r if the stress is on that syllable. It's not in consider.
    So words ending in r, with the stress not on that syllable don't require doubling:
    Consider, butter, batter, founder, flounder, etc.

    Monosyllabic words usually double the r (They necessarily have the stress on their only syllable):
    bar -> barring,
    otherwise you'd get baring, which comes from bare.
    spar -> sparring. Sparing is from spare.
    fur -> furry, not fury, which is different.
    stir -> stirring

    However, with some words ending in l, eg. travel, unravel, Americans write traveling, and others write travelling, etc.
    This is not always consistent.

    If a word doubles a letter for the -ing form, it also doubles for the -ed form, and -al, -y.
    referring, referred, referral.

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