* What are these?
Form-based: a traditional method; teaching grammatical structures; i.e., the form of the language. Emphasis is on the importance of accuracy.
Real language circles around referents or world knowledge in order to create messages and therefore is not form based but meaning based. Thus, questions in the language classrooms should be referential or meaning based, and not focus solely on form. The following examples are meaning-based questions:
1. Suppose you win $50,000. What are you going to do with it?
2. How do you usually spend your weekends?
Read more here English Teaching Forum Online Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs
Communicative-based: using the language as a tool for communication. See Communicative language teaching - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia