Student or Learner
1. Please explain what do we call a sentence adverb which is not part of the structure of the clause?
2. What do we call the illocutionary force of an imperative sentence-or any sentence which gets someone to perform an action?
3. What exactly is illocutionary force??
I'm not sure I could, since I don't understand it.
The locution is simply the speech act itself. The Perlocutionary force is the result of the speech act (which is not always the intended result of the illocutionary act).
Searle had 5 categories of locutions called performatives:
i. assertives; e.g. convincing someone of the truth, swearing on oath.
ii. directives; e.g. orders, imperatives
iii. commissives; e.g. promises, pledges
iv. expressives; e.g. Expressing the truth about something.
v. declaratives; bring about a change, e.g. "I pronounce you man and wife"
If you want someone to perform an action, you'd issue a directive.