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  1. Fame's Avatar
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    #1

    Please explain

    1. Please explain what do we call a sentence adverb which is not part of the structure of the clause?

    2. What do we call the illocutionary force of an imperative sentence-or any sentence which gets someone to perform an action?

    3. What exactly is illocutionary force??


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    #2

    Re: Please explain

    Quote Originally Posted by Fame View Post
    1. Please explain what do we call a sentence adverb which is not part of the structure of the clause?
    Could you give an example?

  2. Fame's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: Please explain

    I'm not sure I could, since I don't understand it.


    • Join Date: Oct 2006
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    #4

    Re: Please explain

    Quote Originally Posted by Fame View Post
    1. Please explain what do we call a sentence adverb which is not part of the structure of the clause?

    2. What do we call the illocutionary force of an imperative sentence-or any sentence which gets someone to perform an action?

    3. What exactly is illocutionary force??
    "illocutionary" means something relating to a communicative utterance [for instance, There's a wasp on your arm is a warning (the wasp might sting you). So the stronger the communication, the more forcerful is the illocutionary effect. [Run! There's an angry bull coming down the street!]

  3. Raymott's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: Please explain

    Quote Originally Posted by Fame View Post
    1. Please explain what do we call a sentence adverb which is not part of the structure of the clause?

    2. What do we call the illocutionary force of an imperative sentence-or any sentence which gets someone to perform an action?

    3. What exactly is illocutionary force??
    Illocutionary force is the intent which the speaker of speech act has.
    The locution is simply the speech act itself. The Perlocutionary force is the result of the speech act (which is not always the intended result of the illocutionary act).

    Searle had 5 categories of locutions called performatives:
    i. assertives; e.g. convincing someone of the truth, swearing on oath.
    ii. directives; e.g. orders, imperatives
    iii. commissives; e.g. promises, pledges
    iv. expressives; e.g. Expressing the truth about something.
    v. declaratives; bring about a change, e.g. "I pronounce you man and wife"

    If you want someone to perform an action, you'd issue a directive.

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