Results 1 to 2 of 2

    • Join Date: Aug 2006
    • Posts: 20
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #1

    What is the subject in a relative clause??

    Hi everyone.
    Some textbooks teach relative clauses by presenting 2 sentences and saying that they can be combined by changing the common 'word'(?) into a relative pronoun.
    e.g.

    (1) I saw a student.
    (2) The student was eating an apple.
    =
    (3) I saw a student who was eating an apple.

    What I am interested in is analysing the structure of the sentences.
    In (1), the sentence structure is S V O. 'The student' is the object.
    In (2), it is also S V O. 'The student' this time is the subject.
    So what happens in (3)? Which is the subject?

    I want to know all this because I'm trying to explain to someone when to use who and when to use whom, but it's confusing to figure out which is the subject and which is the object.
    Thank you!

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • Canada
      • Current Location:
      • Canada

    • Join Date: Apr 2007
    • Posts: 4,146
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #2

    Re: What is the subject in a relative clause??

    Quote Originally Posted by Federerexpress View Post
    Hi everyone.
    Some textbooks teach relative clauses by presenting 2 sentences and saying that they can be combined by changing the common 'word'(?) into a relative pronoun.
    e.g.

    (1) I saw a student.
    (2) The student was eating an apple.
    =
    (3) I saw a student who was eating an apple.

    What I am interested in is analysing the structure of the sentences.
    In (1), the sentence structure is S V O. 'a student' is the object.
    In (2), it is also S V O. 'The student' this time is the subject.
    So what happens in (3)? Which is the subject? The subject of the whole sentence is "I", but the subject of the relative clause is "who". That's why you use "who", not 'whom', in the relative clause..

    I want to know all this because I'm trying to explain to someone when to use who and when to use whom, but it's confusing to figure out which is the subject and which is the object.
    Thank you!
    2006

Similar Threads

  1. Relative clause
    By Unregistered in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 07-May-2008, 15:06
  2. subject to
    By vil in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 3
    Last Post: 17-Apr-2008, 14:58
  3. Newbie question on relative clause
    By mrlocom in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 31-Jan-2007, 19:19
  4. relative clause
    By hela in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 5
    Last Post: 11-Jun-2004, 01:15

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •