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    • Join Date: Sep 2008
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    #1

    The correct use of conjuctions 'and' and infinitive 'to'

    Dear teacher or senior,

    I got confused when reading the following sentences:

    1. That school leads students to build positive attitudes and values, persevere in their quest for knowledge and help students build their character and develop their sense of commitment towards the community at large.

    2. That school leads students to build positive attitudes and values, to persevere in their quest for knowledge and to help students build their character, and develop their sense of commitment towards the community at large.

    3. That school leads students to build positive attitudes and values, to persevere in their quest for knowledge and to help students build their character, and to develop their sense of commitment towards the community at large.


    Please kindly help to explain the differences in using them. Also, is there any difference when adding a comma before the conjuction word 'and' ?

    Thanks a lot!



    Supermann
    Last edited by SUPERMANN; 25-Sep-2008 at 08:32.

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    #2

    Re: The correct use of conjuctions 'and' and infinitive 'to'

    In 1., to has been omitted for the sake of efficiency:

    1. That school leads students to
    • build positive attitudes and values,
    • persevere in their quest for knowledge and
    • help students build their character and
    • develop their sense of commitment towards the community at large.
    Note, the first and is not needed.


    In 2., if you're going to use to throughout, then you'll need to add it at the end. Think consistency:

    2. & 3. That school leads students
    • to build positive attitudes and values,
    • to persevere in their quest for knowledge,
    • to help them build their character, and
    • to develop their sense of commitment towards the community at large.
    Note, the comma before and is not essential.


    • Join Date: Sep 2008
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    #3

    Re: The correct use of conjuctions 'and' and infinitive 'to'

    Dear Soup,

    Thanks for your help.

    Sorry. I got one more question. Referring to the following sentences

    (1). Tom worked out the strategy to further improve the online functions of the ticketing system and to explain the scope of service to the club members.

    (2). Tom worked out the strategy to further improve the online functions of the ticketing system and explained the scope of service to the club members.



    What is the difference between (1) and (2), besides the consistency of using 'to'?
    • Does (1) imply that Tom used the strategy to complete two tasks (i.e., for both the improvement of the online functions and explanation of the scope) ? If yes, can I assume that the part following 'and to' should have a dependence on the content before 'and to' [e.g., ... worked out the strategy ... as shown in (1)].
    • Does (2) imply that Tom used the strategy to do one task only (i.e., improve the online functions) whereas the explanation is independent of the strategy ?
    My teacher ever included (e.g., apple, orange) in a sentence but my friend's teacher didn't use comma (e.g. apple, orange). Should I use "e.g., ..." or " e.g. " (without quotes).

    Again, thanks for the help.

    Supermann

    Last edited by SUPERMANN; 26-Sep-2008 at 09:11.

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    #4

    Re: The correct use of conjuctions 'and' and infinitive 'to'

    (1) Tom worked out the strategy for 2 reasons:
      1. to further improve the online functions of the ticketing system and
      2. to explain the scope of service to the club members.
    (2) Tom did two things:
      1. he worked out the strategy to further improve the online functions of the ticketing system and [after he did that he]
      2. he explained the scope of service to the club members.

    _______________________

    Click on the link below. (Psst, use a comma after e.g. and i.e.)

    How To Use i.e. And e.g. (Education: Punctuation)


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