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    • Join Date: Sep 2008
    • Posts: 2
    #1

    participle?

    I am baffled by this:

    The Druids may have used Stonehenge for religious purposes.

    I know that "may have used" is present perfect, but why is "used" considered a participle? Is it acting as an adjective? Is there something I'm missing?

    Thanks in advance for your help!


    • Join Date: May 2008
    • Posts: 810
    #2

    Re: participle?

    It is a past participle. We use a past participle with have to form the present perfect. It isn't acting as an adjective: it is a non-finite (untensed) verb.

    To use.

    I use it regularly (present)

    I used it yesterday (past)

    I have used it today (present perfect)

    The past participle of use is the same as the past tense form.

    I am not a teacher.
    Last edited by colloquium; 30-Sep-2008 at 21:35.


    • Join Date: Apr 2008
    • Posts: 1,571
    #3

    Re: participle?

    Quote Originally Posted by Senaber View Post
    I am baffled by this:

    The Druids may have used Stonehenge for religious purposes.

    I know that "may have used" is present perfect, but why is "used" considered a participle? Is it acting as an adjective? Is there something I'm missing?

    Thanks in advance for your help!
    May have used is a modal predicate. It consists of the modal verb 'may' which indicates supposition mixed with doubt and the perfect infinitive of the verb 'to use' to express priority. The perfect infinitive 'have used' is an analytical form consisting of the auxiliary 'have' and the past participle of the notional verb 'use'.


    • Join Date: Sep 2008
    • Posts: 2
    #4

    Re: participle?

    Thank you all very much for replying. I'm new here, and I appreciate my question being answered promptly!

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