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  1. Key Member
    Student or Learner
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      • Native Language:
      • Chinese
      • Home Country:
      • China
      • Current Location:
      • China

    • Join Date: Nov 2003
    • Posts: 2,733
    #1

    surplus and excessive

    Dear teachers,

    Could you please kindly explain the difference between "surplus" and "excessive"?

    Looking forward to hearing from you.
    Thank you in advance.

    Jiang

  2. Senior Member
    Academic
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      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • Canada

    • Join Date: Oct 2008
    • Posts: 1,211
    #2

    Re: surplus and excessive

    As adjectives ("there was surplus production / excessive production") the difference is in degree. A surplus was anything more than required; excessive was well beyond requirement, to the point of criticism. Surplus is often good, excessive never is.

  3. Key Member
    English Teacher
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      • Native Language:
      • Oriya
      • Home Country:
      • India
      • Current Location:
      • India

    • Join Date: Mar 2008
    • Posts: 2,121
    #3

    Exclamation Re: surplus and excessive

    Surplus: A quantity much larger than is needed. The surplus food was distributed among the needy.
    Excessive: too much, beyond acceptable limits: Their drinking habit is excessive, they are drunk every night .

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