Student or Learner
Hi,Can someone give me an easy explanation between Gerund and Present Particle please.
The distinction between gerund and present participle is based on syntactical functions.
E.g. Seeing is believing.
"Seeing" is a gerund. It's used as a subject. Participles are not used as subjects.
Gerunds can be used with prepositions, participles cannot.
He left without saying a word. (gerund)
He left not saying a word. (participle)
As for past participle, I wonder how it is possible to mix them up.
They have different endings.