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    • Join Date: Oct 2008
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    Gerund and Past Particle

    Hi,Can someone give me an easy explanation between Gerund and Present Particle please.

    • Join Date: Apr 2008
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    Re: Gerund and Past Particle

    The distinction between gerund and present participle is based on syntactical functions.
    E.g. Seeing is believing.

    "Seeing" is a gerund. It's used as a subject. Participles are not used as subjects.

    Gerunds can be used with prepositions, participles cannot.
    He left without saying a word. (gerund)
    He left not saying a word. (participle)

    As for past participle, I wonder how it is possible to mix them up.
    They have different endings.

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