I have just learnt English for few months for real. Although I'm inexperienced, I bravely express my opinion. I hope it is somewhat useful.
In my view , I think there are two main steps in learning vocabulary.
The first step consists of creating and organising your new words to retain them and to prepare for the second step.
In order to be not confused, we should learn necessary meaning, necessary using ... of them before. Orthers will be learnt later.
The second step is a revision. The revision consists of reviewing and applying the words. (We can combine to do two above-action simultaneously).
I think this step is so important. It helps us
recall some words which we are about to forget or we have forgotten
understand how the words can be used.
generate a reflex
Student or Learner