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  1. Roselin's Avatar
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    #1

    gerunds/infinitives/participles

    Could you explain me the difference between gerunds, infinitives and participles? I don't understand how they are different from each other.

  2. Soup's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: gerunds/infinitives/participles

    Gerund
    Gerunds end in -ing. They function as nouns. That means they occupy the subject and object positions in a sentence:

    Ex: Swimming is fun.
    => Swimming functions as the subject of that sentence.

    Ex: Max enjoys cooking on weekends.
    => cooking functions as the object of the verb enjoys.

    Learn more here The Gerund
    -----------------------------------------------------------

    Present Participle
    Present participles also end in -ing. They function as adjectives. That means they modify nouns, which is where they differ from gerunds. Take a look here The Participle.
    -----------------------------------------------------------

    Infinitive
    There are two kinds of infinitives: to-infinitives and bare infinitives. Take a look here The Infinitive


    Additional resources
    http://www.uhv.edu/ac/efl/pdf/verbsgerunds.pdf
    The Tongue Untied — Verb Practice
    verbs followed by gerunds and infinitives

  3. Roselin's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: gerunds/infinitives/participles

    Quote Originally Posted by Soup View Post
    Gerund
    Gerunds end in -ing. They function as nouns. That means they occupy the subject and object positions in a sentence:

    Ex: Swimming is fun.
    => Swimming functions as the subject of that sentence.

    Ex: Max enjoys cooking on weekends.
    => cooking functions as the object of the verb enjoys.

    Learn more here The Gerund
    -----------------------------------------------------------

    Present Participle
    Present participles also end in -ing. They function as adjectives. That means they modify nouns, which is where they differ from gerunds. Take a look here The Participle.
    -----------------------------------------------------------

    Infinitive
    There are two kinds of infinitives: to-infinitives and bare infinitives. Take a look here The Infinitive


    Additional resources
    http://www.uhv.edu/ac/efl/pdf/verbsgerunds.pdf
    The Tongue Untied — Verb Practice
    verbs followed by gerunds and infinitives
    Thanks a lot for providing such useful resources!!

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