Student or Learner
There are mainly three tenses. The following sentence is in the past tense. But what kind of sentence it is? Why can't I say that it is either a past simple/ continous/perfect/perfect cont.? If a sentence doesnt fall in any of the categories mentioned above, what is it called?
The President was glad to know that the war was finally over.
Cant I write ' the president was glad to know that the war had finally over' ? Do they mean different from each other?
The sentence is written in the Simple Past Tense form of the verb.
You could write:
The President was glad to know that the war had finally come to an end.
Here, the Past Perfect form of the verb 'had come' places this as occurring before the president heard this news and "was glad" to hear it.
and you can write:
The President was glad to know that the war was coming to an end.
where the Past Continuous form of the verb is used.
Note, that the adverb 'over' (=finished) can only be used when it agrees with the tense of the verb that the action is 'complete, finished' as in:
It is over and we can all go home
It was finally over.
It has been over for quite some time.
It had been over for quite some time.
It will be over by the time we eventually arrive.
Hmm. Indeed, what did I mean?
I think I was trying to understand your construction in
the sentence you suggested as an alternative:
"The president was glad to know that the war had finally over."
The verb 'had' doesn't make sense here with 'finally over.'