Hi: Could you explain why the present tense ("lives") is used in the embedded that-clause in the following sentence: "In 1862, A. Lincoln said that he would free any slave that lives in the South. " Thank you.
It is a very poorly worded sentence:
'he would free any slave that lives in the South if they write to their Congressman requesting emancipation, giving date of arrival in the U.S., and enclosing a stamped self-addressed envelope for speedy reply.'
It was not 'any' slave, but all slaves.
"In 1862, A. Lincoln said that he would abolish slavery in the southern states."
"In 1862, A. Lincoln said that he would free all slaves in the South. "
And forget the use of tenses in this sentence. I don't think it is an instance of Present Tense 'newspaper-style reporting' but just part and parcel of the poor sentence construction.
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