Having reflect the same meaning of had, in below examples?
'Having defeated pomphy Ceasser proceeded to the streets''
''Having heard the news I stepped down the tower''
So it can (having) be used instead of had. Right? Please light some ideas..
thanks in advance..
You would have to reword the sentences with "had":
Caesar had heard that he had defeated Pompey before he went to the city.
I had heard the news before I left the podium.