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    • Join Date: Oct 2008
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    #1

    can you explain the grammar?

    hey,

    I saw this sentence in some site. Could you explain the first three word grammar wise?

    You are given a new Talkster phone number for each friend that is yours to use forever.

  1. engee30's Avatar
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    #2

    Smile Re: can you explain the grammar?

    Quote Originally Posted by falfuly View Post
    hey,

    I saw this sentence in some site. Could you explain the first three word grammar wise?

    You are given a new Talkster phone number for each friend that is yours to use forever.
    It's an instruction saying what happens when you do something, and the instruction says that you are given that number (it's a passive construction).



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    #3

    Re: can you explain the grammar?

    what tense is it?

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    #4

    Smile Re: can you explain the grammar?

    Quote Originally Posted by falfuly View Post
    what tense is it?
    Present Simple tense.



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    #5

    Re: can you explain the grammar?

    OK, so that's what i do not understand- why is "given" being used in present simple (it's V3, not base form of the verb)?

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    #6

    Smile Re: can you explain the grammar?

    Quote Originally Posted by falfuly View Post
    OK, so that's what i do not understand- why is "given" being used in present simple (it's V3, not base form of the verb)?
    As I said earlier on - it is the passive, and it's got nothing to do with any changes to the present simple tense. The only thing that tells you which tense is used in the sentence is the verb be (or rather, the particular form of the verb be, ie am, is, and are). Then goes the past participle (or V3, using your terminology):

    I am given
    you are given
    he is given
    she is given
    it is given
    we are given
    you are given
    they are given


    If it is the past simple passive, then it looks like this:

    I was given
    you were given
    he was given
    she was given
    it was given
    we were given
    you were given
    they were given


    Now, the future simple passive looking like this:

    I will/shall be given
    you will be given
    he will be given
    she will be given
    it will be given
    we will/shall be given
    you will be given
    they will be given




    • Join Date: Oct 2008
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    #7

    Re: can you explain the grammar?

    I understand it now, You made it very clear.
    thank you very much!

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    #8

    Smile Re: can you explain the grammar?

    Quote Originally Posted by falfuly View Post
    I understand it now, You made it very clear.
    thank you very much!
    You're welcome.

    Here are a couple of example sentences with be given:

    Every year I am given some money for my birthday present.
    Once you've registered with us, you are given a Golden membership card.



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