You might consider "mansion" or "estate" (the "estate" implies lots of land). A manor also connotes a large piece of property. The manor house sits on that property, and is usually asumed to be large.
Borrowed words from other languages would include a villa or a chateau. Used in English, these connote rather grander, formal residences; a chateau, especially, suggests expansive property as well.
A cottage or a cabin, on the other hand, connotes a smaller residence. A cottage may be very nice (and very expensive, in fact); a cabin is usually less formal, perhaps of rough-hewn wood. Each region has its own way of speaking of a "second home" - a lake cottage in Canada is often bigger and grander than my city home! In Arizona, where I grew up, people owned a "cabin" in the mountains, and it may have been rough and simple, or grand as well. A lodge also implies a country home, larger than a normal home.
A bungalow is a single storey home, perhaps with basement, usually a square or rectangular floor plan. A ranch-style home is single storey with no basement, typically, but rambling a bit more (maybe with a L- or U-shaped floor plan).
A shack, shanty or a hovel is a poor dwelling, patched together with scrap material usually.
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