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    #1

    considering

    Dear teachers,

    I feel confused by the following sentence:

    Considering the whole span of earthly time, the opposite effect, in which life actually modifies its surroundings, has been relatively slight.

    According to grammar the logical subject of considering should be "the opposite effect". But how can 'effect' consider anything? I think the logical subject should be somebody.

    Could you please explain that to me?

    Looking forward to hearing from you.
    Thank you in advance.

    Jiang

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    #2

    Re: considering

    Considering the whole span of earthly time, the opposite effect, in which life actually modifies its surroundings, has been relatively slight.



    Main thought:
    effect / has been slight

    in which . . . life / modifies / surroundings. is a clause that modifies effect (adjective)

    Considering / span is a clause that modifies has been slight


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    #3

    Re: considering

    from my viewpoint,I just guess that the "considering"is a prep,and means "in the light of",not "thinking about".Does it make sense?

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    #4

    Re: considering

    The sentence is the same as:

    Taking into consideration the whole span of earthly time, the opposite effect, in which life actually modifies its surroundings, has been relatively slight.

    not a teacher

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    #5

    Re: considering

    Hi, Zhao
    Yes. Thank you very much for your explanation.
    Jiang
    Quote Originally Posted by Sara Jing Zhao View Post
    from my viewpoint,I just guess that the "considering"is a prep,and means "in the light of",not "thinking about".Does it make sense?

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