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    #1

    await, maintain, first, dare

    Dear teachers,

    I have four questions to ask:

    No.1
    Some people don't want ot get up simply because they don't like the activity that _______.
    a. irritates b. awaits
    The key is 'b'. could you please explain why 'a' isn't correct?

    No.2
    This article states that they have had a hard time_______ their pride because they have had many problems.
    a. maintaining b. attaining
    The key is 'a'. Could you please kindly explain why 'b' isn't correct?

    No.3
    She became the first woman ________ elected mayor of Chicago.
    a. to have been b. to be
    The key is 'b'. But since election is something in the past I think it should be 'a'. Is that right?

    No.4
    She dared not say a word, ______.
    a. nor dared she to cry b. nor dared she cry
    The key is 'b'. Could you please kindly explain why 'b' is correct and why 'a' isn't correct?

    Looking forward to hearing from you.
    Thank you in advance.

    Jiang
    Last edited by jiang; 16-Dec-2008 at 15:46.


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    #2

    Re: await, maintain, first, dare

    Quote Originally Posted by jiang View Post
    Dear teachers,

    I have four questions to ask:

    No.1
    Some people don't want ot get up simply because they don't like the activity that _______them.
    a. irritates b. awaits
    The key is 'b'. could you please explain why 'a' isn't correct?

    No.2
    This article states that they have had a hard time_______ their pride because they have had many problems.
    a. maintaining b. attaining
    The key is 'a'. Could you please kindly explain why 'b' isn't correct?

    No.3
    She became the first woman ________ elected mayor of Chicago.
    a. to have been b. to be
    The key is 'b'. But since election is something in the past I think it should be 'a'. Is that right?

    No.4
    She dared not say a word, ______.
    a. nor dared she to cry b. nor dared she cry
    The key is 'b'. Could you please kindly explain why 'b' is correct and why 'a' isn't correct?

    Looking forward to hearing from you.
    Thank you in advance.

    Jiang
    The first two answers are to do with lexical choices, not grammatical. In 1) when you wake up in the morning, the day's activity awaits you (lies ahead of you): you have to have a shower, make breakfast, drive to work... awaits is a far more likely choice than irritates. Activity necessarily awaits you, it doesn't necessarily irritate you.
    2) in the face of difficulties maybe you can have a hard time maintaining (keeping) your pride, depending of course on what the difficulties are; but it doesn't make sense to have a hard time attaining (to succeed in getting) your pride. To choose attaining would make nonsense of a sentence which, in any case, doesn't seem to make much sense.
    3) In this sentence, both structures are possible.
    4) Here, (a) is not correct because "dare not" forms take the infinitive without "to"*.

    *A.J.Thomson and A.V. Martinet, “A Practical English Grammar”, Fourth Edition, rubric 161

  1. RonBee's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: await, maintain, first, dare

    Number 3 could be:
    She became the first woman elected mayor of Chicago.

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    #4

    Re: await, maintain, first, dare

    Dear RonBee,
    Thank you very much for your explanation. Now I see.
    I thought you won't come back until next year.
    Jiang
    Quote Originally Posted by RonBee View Post
    Number 3 could be:
    She became the first woman elected mayor of Chicago.

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    #5

    Re: await, maintain, first, dare

    Dear naomimalan,
    Thank you very much for your explanation. Now I see.
    I thought you won't come back until new year.
    Jiang

    Quote Originally Posted by naomimalan View Post
    The first two answers are to do with lexical choices, not grammatical. In 1) when you wake up in the morning, the day's activity awaits you (lies ahead of you): you have to have a shower, make breakfast, drive to work... awaits is a far more likely choice than irritates. Activity necessarily awaits you, it doesn't necessarily irritate you.
    2) in the face of difficulties maybe you can have a hard time maintaining (keeping) your pride, depending of course on what the difficulties are; but it doesn't make sense to have a hard time attaining (to succeed in getting) your pride. To choose attaining would make nonsense of a sentence which, in any case, doesn't seem to make much sense.
    3) In this sentence, both structures are possible.
    4) Here, (a) is not correct because "dare not" forms take the infinitive without "to"*.

    *A.J.Thomson and A.V. Martinet, “A Practical English Grammar”, Fourth Edition, rubric 161

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