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    #1

    having had to cancel a meeting

    Hi,

    I read the following text in a book. I don't understand the structure of underlined part.
    Also, can the underlined part be replaced with ‘for having cancelled’ without changing the meaning?


    Paul called the bank executive, apologizing for having had to cancel a meeting. “I am sorry I couldn’t see you last week,” said Paul.

    Thanks,

    MG.

  1. engee30's Avatar
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    #2

    Smile Re: having had to cancel a meeting

    Quote Originally Posted by musicgold View Post
    Hi,

    I read the following text in a book. I don't understand the structure of underlined part.
    Also, can the underlined part be replaced with ‘for having cancelled’ without changing the meaning?


    Paul called the bank executive, apologizing for having had to cancel a meeting. “I am sorry I couldn’t see you last week,” said Paul.

    Thanks,

    MG.
    Paul had already called the bank before calling them again. The moment that he was calling them again he wanted to apologize to them once more for what he did the previous week, that is to say having to cancel the meeting.

    [the week of the meeting]
    Paul, calling the bank: 'I'm sorry, but I can't see you this week, so I have to cancel the meeting.'

    [the following week]
    Paul, calling the bank again: 'I'm sorry I had to cancel the meeting. I just couldn't see you last week. I apologize for having had to cancel the meeting.'

    I apologize for having to cancel the meeting would refer to a meeting scheduled for a time in the near future.

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    #3

    Re: having had to cancel a meeting

    engee30,

    Thanks. What about 'for having cancelled the meeting'?

  2. engee30's Avatar
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    #4

    Cool Re: having had to cancel a meeting

    Quote Originally Posted by musicgold View Post
    engee30,

    Thanks. What about 'for having cancelled the meeting'?
    It would be fine as well, but there would never be the sense of necessity included which can be found in having had to cancel the meeting.

    ...for having cancelled the meeting. [I merely cancelled the meeting]
    vs
    ...for having had to cancel the meeting. [I had to cancel the meeting]

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