M2: The philosophy of idealism seems kind of conservative.
M1: Idealism is often criticized as being a conservative philosophy because so much of its emphasis is on character development and preserving traditions. idealists care about ultimate truths, so their notion of education is largely a matter of pass on knowledge. (what does "pass " mean here? I can not get it.)
"pass on knowledge" doesn't sound right, so one can only guess what it is supposed to mean. perhaps it is supposed to mean 'passed-on' knowledge, knowledge passed on from person to person or from generation to generation.
perhaps someone who is familiar with idealsim can give you a better answer. From what little i know about idealism, it sounds like nonsense.
m2: But what's the ultimate truth? Who gets to decide what's true?
m1: Who gets to decide what's true? Excellent question... And it's questions like this that have led to a weakening of idealism today. Developments in science and technology have changed what we've thought of as true.. our contemporary emphasis on relevance, usefulness, and innovation - as opposed to lasting values - all of these trends have cut idealism down to size. (what does "cut idealism down to size" mean? )
it means it has made idealism less important, less believed in.
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