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  1. Newbie
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    #1

    what is dangeling structure

    hello
    im newcomer and english is my second language , so if imnot very god at it , please forgive me
    what is dangeling structure?
    how we can realize that which structur is dangle?
    thank
    iman

  2. engee30's Avatar
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    #2

    Smile Re: what is dangeling structure

    Quote Originally Posted by iman View Post
    hello
    im newcomer and english is my second language , so if imnot very god at it , please forgive me
    what is dangeling structure?
    how we can realize that which structur is dangle?
    thank
    iman
    You call it dangling modifier - a participle clause whose understood subject is not properly placed in the clause, or is missing. E.g.:
    Having found out what the expenses would be, the conclusion was that I needed another fifty pounds.
    In the above sentence, it seems as if the conclusion had found out about the expenses, which is a nonsense.

    The rule for avoiding such clauses is a follows:
    • if a participle clause functions as an adverbial, its understood subject should be identical to the subject of the main clause;
    • if a participle clause functions as a postmodifier in a noun phrase, its understood subject should be the antecedent of the clause.

    Thus, a corrected version of the above example might be:
    Having found out what the expenses would be, I arrived at the conclusion that I needed another fifty pounds.
    In the above sentence it's I who had found out about the expenses, and not the conclusion.

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