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  1. Ever Student's Avatar
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    #1

    Unhappy How can I recognize which one is correct?

    Hello,

    Would you please guide me how I can choose the suitable form for the following sentences?



    1- searching for treasure, robbers disturbed the majority of the king's tomb.



    2- Having sungtwo operas at the Opera House, the popular opera star is awaiting word on her next performance.


    I want to know how to recognize for the first sentence I must use "present participle" and for the second sentence I must do " perfect participle"?

    I read about dangling but here got comfused.

    Regards


    • Join Date: Jul 2006
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    #2

    Re: How can I recognize which one is correct?

    1- searching for treasure, robbers disturbed the majority of the king's tomb.

    (While they were...)

    Yes, this sentence is correct.


    Having searched for treasure, robbers disturbed the majority of the king's tomb.

    This sentence is nonsense.


    2- Having sung two operas at the Opera House, the popular opera star is awaiting word on her next performance.

    She finished singing. Now (s)he is awaiting order. Sentence#2 is correct too.

    Singing two operas at the Opera House, the popular opera star is awaiting word on her next performance.

    This is correct too. It means she finished singing in this context.
    Both singing and having sung are equally okay.

  2. bhaisahab's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: How can I recognize which one is correct?

    Singing two operas at the Opera House, the popular opera star is awaiting word on her next performance.

    This is correct too. It means she finished singing in this context.
    Both singing and having sung are equally okay.

    Sorry, I don't agree, this sentence means that she is singing while she is waiting.


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    #4

    Re: How can I recognize which one is correct?

    Quote Originally Posted by bhaisahab View Post
    Both singing and having sung are equally okay.
    Yes. But the two forms do not mean the same thing.

    (E)qually okay means both are accepted to an equal extent and not that they are equal (in meaning).

    Am I right?

  3. Ever Student's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: How can I recognize which one is correct?

    Quote Originally Posted by svartnik View Post
    Yes. But the two forms do not mean the same thing.

    (E)qually okay means both are accepted to an equal extent and not that they are equal (in meaning).

    Am I right?
    Hello ,

    [COLOR="Magenta"]Thank you for your attention. But in the "multiple choice" test, only "having sung" was correct.


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    #6

    Re: How can I recognize which one is correct?

    Quote Originally Posted by taghavi View Post
    Hello ,

    [COLOR="Magenta"]Thank you for your attention. But in the "multiple choice" test, only "having sung" was correct.
    Both participle forms are correct.

  4. Ever Student's Avatar
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    #7

    Re: How can I recognize which one is correct?

    Hi,
    Ok, I give up.
    Thanks.

    Now, would you please explain the following answers ?

    1- Individuals who drive without automobile insurance-----------

    a) may, in the event of an accident, have to pay costly damages.
    b) may have to pay a lot of money from an accident.

    Why is (b) incorrect?

    2- before the denotation of an atomic bomb, never ----------

    a) had an explosion of such power taken place
    b) there had been an explosion of such power

    What's difference between the structure of (a) and (b) and why (b) is wrong? I get confused.

    Best regards, Leila

  5. bhaisahab's Avatar
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    #8

    Re: How can I recognize which one is correct?

    1- Individuals who drive without automobile insurance-----------

    a) may, in the event of an accident, have to pay costly damages.
    b) may have to pay a lot of money from an accident.

    Why is (b) incorrect? Because in b) it seems that the money in question comes from an accident, rather than having to be paid because of an accident.

    2- before the denotation of an atomic bomb, never ----------

    a) had an explosion of such power taken place
    b) there had been an explosion of such power

    What's difference between the structure of (a) and (b) and why (b) is wrong? I get confused.

    Compare: '...never there had been...' and '...never had there been...'

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