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    • Join Date: Jan 2009
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    #1

    There is/are - Quick Response Appreciated, Thank You :-)

    Hello Friends,

    "There IS a book and hat." - Which is the subject and object?
    What is the grammar rule that this is "There IS" and not "There ARE", for example
    "The book and hat ARE..."

    Is "Is there a book and hat?" correct and why/why not "Are there a book and hat"?

    Thank you very much,

    Philip.


    • Join Date: Jul 2006
    • Posts: 2,886
    #2

    Re: There is/are - Quick Response Appreciated, Thank You :-)

    Quote Originally Posted by English Help Please View Post
    Hello Friends,

    "There IS a book and hat." - Which is the subject and object?
    What is the grammar rule that this is "There IS" and not "There ARE", for example
    "The book and hat ARE..."

    Is "Is there a book and hat?" correct and why/why not "Are there a book and hat"?

    Thank you very much,

    Philip.

    '(B)ook and hat' is a compound subject, the real subject in your sentence.
    The grammatical subject is the preparatory 'there'.

    It is either:
    There is a book and (there is) a hat, -- SVC
    or
    There are (a book and a hat). -- SVC

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    #3

    Re: There is/are - Quick Response Appreciated, Thank You :-)

    Quote Originally Posted by English Help Please View Post
    Hello Friends,

    "There IS a book and hat." - Which is the subject and object?
    Structural subject = there
    Verb = is
    Object/Semantic subject = a book and (a) hat

    Quote Originally Posted by English Help Please
    What is the grammar rule that this is "There IS" and not "There ARE", for example
    "The book and hat ARE..."
    The true subject, 'a book', is singular:

    There is a book and (there is a) hat.
    Quote Originally Posted by English Help Please
    Is "Is there a book and hat?" correct and why/why not "Are there a book and hat"?
    The verb is singular, so the subject must be singular:

    Ex: Is there a book?
    Ex: Is there books?

    Ex: Are there books?
    Ex: Are there a book?


    • Join Date: Jan 2009
    • Posts: 3
    #4

    Re: There is/are - Quick Response Appreciated, Thank You :-)

    Hello,

    Thank you very much for your considerate and fast answers.

    The true subject, 'a book', is singular:
    There is a book and (there is a) hat.
    Then of course I know that "The book and hat are..." is correct, but what is the grammar reason that it is not "The book and hat is..."? if "There is a book and a hat." is correct?

    Thank you again.

    Philip.


    • Join Date: Jul 2006
    • Posts: 2,886
    #5

    Re: There is/are - Quick Response Appreciated, Thank You :-)

    Quote Originally Posted by English Help Please View Post
    Then of course I know that "The book and hat are..." is correct, but what is the grammar reason that it is not "The book and hat is..."? if "There is a book and a hat." is correct?

    Thank you again.

    Philip.
    § 60. subject and verb agreement. 1. Grammar. The American Heritage Book of English Usage. 1996


    • Join Date: Jan 2009
    • Posts: 3
    #6

    Re: There is/are - Quick Response Appreciated, Thank You :-)

    Thank you very much for replying and this is a great forum .

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