please can you advise me?
There is a book here.
Is there a book here?
Is also correct the following?
Here is a book.
Is here a book?
Here is a book.
Is here a book? This is incorrect.
Is something here? Correct.
Is here something? Incorrect.
To make the other correct, we can also say:
Is there something here?
There's an interplay of two situations in all these phrases.
SCENARIO 1. "There is a book here" says that some book is present but does not point it out. You can also ask whether any book is present in your immediate environment:
There is a book here. Is there a book here?
SCENARIO 2. "Here is a book" is a perfectly good phrase that points out one book (out of potentially many) right in front of the people in this conversation, in order to discuss it specifically, as a representative example of all books.
Here is a book. We see it has a cover, a title page, and many small intricately shaped splotches of black ink arranged in straight rows on each page.
You can then ask whether this specific book is present.
Here is a book. ... Is this book here?
Note the this. It can of course be replaced by a definite article:
Here is a book. ... Is the book here?
MIXED SCENARIOS? With the indefinite article, "Is here a book" would seem to mean the same thing as "is there a book here", but the construction is not used: perhaps (I'm not sure) just because its positive and interrogative statements properly belong to the two different scenarios. Or, more likely, for far more deeper reasons of idiom, whatever those are. :)
Last edited by abaka; 15-Jan-2009 at 18:49.