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    #1

    wherein

    Could any of you please help me understand the word 'wherein' exactly? what does it mean?

    Along with it, if possible few usages.

    Thanks so much for your response in advance.

    Kiran

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    #2

    Re: wherein

    Quote Originally Posted by kiranlegend View Post
    Could any of you please help me understand the word 'wherein' exactly? what does it mean?

    Along with it, if possible few usages.

    Thanks so much for your response in advance.

    Kiran
    It's one of a whole series of words, all of the same construction, now mostly archaic:

    wherein = in which/what
    therein = in it, in that/those
    whereby = by which/what
    thereby = by it, that/those
    *hereby = by this/these
    whereof = of which/what
    thereof = of it, of that/those
    *thereafter = after that/those
    *therefore = for that (reason), for those (reasons)

    *not archaic!

    In all these words, "where" correspond to "which", "there" to "that", and "here" to "this".

    If I remember correctly (the etymologists are free to contradict me!), the words "there", "here", "where" in the earliest phases of the language were inflections of "that", "this", and "which"/"who" similar to (but of a different grammatical case from) the surviving series "who" -- "whose" -- "whom".

    etc.

    Imagine a situation wherein we are at sea.
    The box, and everything therein.
    The events whereby we found ourselves at war.
    Bombing and all the devastation caused thereby.

    *You have been read the riot act, and are hereby ordered to disperse.
    *Court summons. You are hereby [by this very summons] summoned/ordered to appear in court...

    I know not whereof I speak.
    So many exams, and the grading thereof.

    *He quit, and never worked thereafter.
    *I think, therefore I am.

    Now try to figure out "whereabout(s)" (place) and "thereabout(s)" (place or time).
    Last edited by abaka; 15-Jan-2009 at 21:59.

  1. BobK's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: wherein

    ...And there are a few more that use two prepositions, archaic, but popping up occasionally in legal documents - "Alliance & Leicester plc, hereinafter referred to as the Company..."; also, less frequently, thereinbefore/after and whereinbefore/after. Also you can add a few more to abaka's list: here/there/where[un]to all pretty much archaic; and "hitherto" - not archaic, though rather mannered (meaning 'until now').

    As to pronunciation, don't be worried by the apparent diphthongs created: herein etc. In all cases you pronounce the words separately: /hɪə(r)ɪn/, for example.


    b

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