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  1. Ever Student's Avatar
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    #1

    Exclamation Linguisic questions

    Would you please tell me which case is correct?


    "John gave marry a present yesterday"

    Which one is "theme"?

    1- john
    2- marry
    3- present

    ----------------------------------------------------------------------


    " The flood destroyed the village"

    What is the case of flood?


    1- agentive
    2- instrumental


    I read Yuel's book but its descriptions dont agree on the answers of the test item, and I got comfused. please hep me out.

  2. Soup's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: Linguisic questions

    The theme undergoes the action. It's often used interchangeably with patient.

    The instrument is used (by someone or something).

    The agent carries out the action.

  3. BobK's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: Linguisic questions

    Incidentally, "marry" isn't a first name. I think you mean 'Mary'.

    b

  4. Ever Student's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: Linguisic questions

    Hi

    Oh' Yes, I mean "Mary".
    bUT, still you havent answered me which one is correct.
    what is the "theme" in this sentence ? John, Mary, or present?

    what is the case of "flood "? agentive or instrumental?

    I ran accross the right answers in a test that they are far different from what I read before in Yule , Framkin, Falks and so on. The given test answered that "John" is "theme" and another answer about the case of "flood" is "instrumental". Please solve the problem for me.

    Thanks, Leila

  5. BobK's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: Linguisic questions

    Sorry I don't have the necessary theoretical background to help. My guess would be that 'flood' was instrumental (as I'd expect an agentive to require a conscious agent); but, in that sentence, as 'flood' is the subject, it could well be agentive as it does something (Latin, ago, -ere [="do"]). This might account for the confusion; but I haven't read the books you cite.

    b

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