Results 1 to 5 of 5
  1. Fame's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • Hong Kong
      • Current Location:
      • Hong Kong

    • Join Date: Sep 2005
    • Posts: 222
    #1

    What is the functon?

    In this sentence:

    The fire ruined the houses.

    What is the function of the subject in terms of semantic content?

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Jan 2008
    • Posts: 2,944
    #2

    Re: What is the functon?

    ruin is one of those verbs that is best used as a passive voice.

    My dress was ruined by the spill.

    The houses were ruined by the fire.


    • Join Date: Jul 2006
    • Posts: 2,886
    #3

    Re: What is the functon?

    Quote Originally Posted by Fame View Post
    In this sentence:

    The fire ruined the houses.

    What is the function of the subject in terms of semantic content?
    There are two arguments in this sentence:
    the fire -- S --agent
    the houses -- O -- experiencer

    The fire ruined the house. transitive/active
    The house was ruined by the fire. transitive/passive
    The house burned. intransitive/middle

  2. Fame's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • Hong Kong
      • Current Location:
      • Hong Kong

    • Join Date: Sep 2005
    • Posts: 222
    #4

    Re: What is the functon?

    Quote Originally Posted by svartnik View Post
    There are two arguments in this sentence:
    the fire -- S --agent
    the houses -- O -- experiencer

    The fire ruined the house. transitive/active
    The house was ruined by the fire. transitive/passive
    The house burned. intransitive/middle
    So then what is the function? I don't understand


    • Join Date: Jul 2006
    • Posts: 2,886
    #5

    Re: What is the functon?

    The fire is the agent that does the act denoted by the verb "ruin".

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •