Results 1 to 5 of 5
  1. mamen's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Tagalog
      • Home Country:
      • Philippines
      • Current Location:
      • Philippines

    • Join Date: Dec 2008
    • Posts: 312
    #1

    Post please explain!!!

    Is it true that we are obliged to use a time indicator when using
    past tense
    and
    future perfect tense?

    please explain!!!

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Polish
      • Home Country:
      • Poland
      • Current Location:
      • Poland

    • Join Date: Aug 2005
    • Posts: 327
    #2

    Re: please explain!!!

    You have to use time indicator with simple past because when you use simple past you are talking about finished actions and time, when they happened. So "I was in Spain last July". It is a story about your past. But you can look at the same travel to Spain in a different way. Imagine that you meet a Spanish person you want to impress and you tell this person "I have been to Spain!" meaning "I know your country". So simple past uses time indicators because it looks at the past from this exact point of view - as the past, but you can always decide "Maybe it was in 1998, 10 years ago but it still matters to me, it is still important" and then you will say "I have been to Spain" - you will use present perfect without any time indicator. But if someone asks you about the time when you were there, about details you will use past simple again. This much about simple past. Hope it helps a little.

    You are Spanish! I have been to Spain.
    O, it is great that you know my country! When were you there?
    Last year, in July.
    Where were you in Spain, in Barcelona? etc.

  2. bhaisahab's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • England
      • Current Location:
      • Ireland

    • Join Date: Apr 2008
    • Posts: 25,624
    #3

    Re: please explain!!!

    Quote Originally Posted by magdalena View Post
    You have to use time indicator with simple past because when you use simple past you are talking about finished actions and time, when they happened. So "I was in Spain last July". It is a story about your past. But you can look at the same travel to Spain in a different way. Imagine that you meet a Spanish person you want to impress and you tell this person "I have been to Spain!" meaning "I know your country". So simple past uses time indicators because it looks at the past from this exact point of view - as the past, but you can always decide "Maybe it was in 1998, 10 years ago but it still matters to me, it is still important" and then you will say "I have been to Spain" - you will use present perfect without any time indicator. But if someone asks you about the time when you were there, about details you will use past simple again. This much about simple past. Hope it helps a little.

    You are Spanish! I have been to Spain.
    O, it is great that you know my country! When were you there?
    Last year, in July.
    Where were you in Spain, in Barcelona? etc.
    Good explanation.

  3. mamen's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Tagalog
      • Home Country:
      • Philippines
      • Current Location:
      • Philippines

    • Join Date: Dec 2008
    • Posts: 312
    #4

    Re: please explain!!!

    Quote Originally Posted by bhaisahab View Post
    Good explanation.
    How about future perfect and past perfect tenses? Should I use a time indicator too?

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Polish
      • Home Country:
      • Poland
      • Current Location:
      • Poland

    • Join Date: Aug 2005
    • Posts: 327
    #5

    Re: please explain!!!

    Yes the very idea of future perfect lies in using a time indicator: you want to say by which time in the future some activity will have been finished :I will have been living in here for 3 years - doesn't make sense . You need to add time indicator for example: by 2010. "

Similar Threads

  1. [Grammar] please explain...
    By mamen in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 4
    Last Post: 15-Jan-2009, 14:38
  2. How to explain?
    By Devil's tear in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 3
    Last Post: 06-Apr-2008, 22:58
  3. help me, to help me, explain me, explain to me
    By user_gary in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 3
    Last Post: 01-Aug-2007, 16:00
  4. Describe, Discuss and Explain
    By Unregistered in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 02-Jan-2007, 06:52
  5. Please help me explain the Present Perfect
    By Susie Smith in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 13
    Last Post: 22-May-2004, 18:58

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •