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    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Korean
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      • South Korea
      • Current Location:
      • South Korea

    • Join Date: Jan 2009
    • Posts: 56
    #1

    Smile "Brand-new" vs. "new" and "second-hand" vs. "used"

    Hi! guys

    Could you check what I'm uderstood about the difference in meaning between "new" and "brand-new"?

    1. "Bran-new" can only be attached to "things" such as brand-new shoes, a brand-new cell phone, not to abstract nouns like *brand-new dream"?

    2. If someone say "I bought a new car", you don't know whether or not, it is absolutely new right? because there might be possible he bought a used car as his new car.

    So what I want to know is how do you, English speakers generally perceive whether the thing modified "new" is absolutely new or not when you hear it from others?

    If people who wants to express his abosoultely new thing, do they use the term "brand-new" rather than "new"?


    Similarly to these questions, "second hand" vs. "used" -- Do they have different in use? I'm still confused because there is one to one correspondence between English and my native. So I want to know how they use differently in English.

    Thanks a million in advance.

  1. glitterstar101
    Guest
    #2

    re: "Brand-new" vs. "new" and "second-hand" vs. "used"

    Hi Eureka

    I don't think there is a particular rule to what people prefer to refer to besides the obvious you pointed our "new dream."

    How I use some of the terms
    I started at a new gym
    This shirt is new (can also be brand new to add emphasis)
    I met a new friend on the weekend
    These shoes are second hand
    I am sure there are plenty of other examples

    New and brand new can vary like you mentioned in your post but second hand and used have the same meaning. I prefer second hand instead of used but either is fine e.g. the computer was used before I bought it.

    Hope this helps

    Regards
    Susannah
    (Student teacher)

  2. RonBee's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Feb 2003
    • Posts: 16,551
    #3

    re: "Brand-new" vs. "new" and "second-hand" vs. "used"

    second-hand clothes

    but

    a used car



  3. BobK's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • UK
      • Current Location:
      • UK

    • Join Date: Jul 2006
    • Posts: 16,038
    #4

    re: "Brand-new" vs. "new" and "second-hand" vs. "used"

    Quote Originally Posted by glitterstar101 View Post
    Hi Eureka

    I don't think there is a particular rule to what people prefer to refer to besides the obvious you pointed our "new dream."

    How I use some of the terms
    I started at a new gym
    This shirt is new (can also be brand new to add emphasis)
    I met a new friend on the weekend
    These shoes are second hand
    I am sure there are plenty of other examples

    New and brand new can vary like you mentioned in your post but second hand and used have the same meaning. I prefer second hand instead of used but either is fine e.g. the computer was used before I bought it.

    Hope this helps

    Regards
    Susannah
    (Student teacher)
    A second-hand Apple computer is known, among fanatics, as "pre-loved"

    b

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