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  1. #1

    dummy subject again!

    1: Do you know them? "you" = subject "it has semantic content that is in the shared knowledge of the speaker and the hearer"
    Like how you did in your example = you do know them, do you?


    2: I consider him a genius. "him" = dummy subject, who is him?
    *him I consider a genius,do him?




    I hope I am right this time with dummy subject?


    • Join Date: Jul 2006
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    #2

    Re: dummy subject again!

    Quote Originally Posted by kiwishop View Post
    1: Do you know them? "you" = subject "it has semantic content that is in the shared knowledge of the speaker and the hearer"
    Like how you did in your example = you do know them, do you?


    2: I consider him a genius. "him" = dummy subject, who is him?
    *him I consider a genius,do him?




    I hope I am right this time with dummy subject?
    Dummy subjects have no semantic content. They are there to fill the syntactic space.

    It is I who am tired.

    It = grammatical subject (dummy)

    is -- V

    I -- deep subject ( real subject)

    who am... non-defining relative clause

  2. whitemoon's Avatar
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      • Myanmar

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    #3

    Re: dummy subject again!

    What I understand is:
    It is a hot day.
    It is difficult for everyone to master English.
    It is kind of you to help us.
    It is worth reading this book.
    It takes me five minutes to go to shcool.
    There are three persons in my family.
    There developed goodwill between the two countries.
    The bold words are dummy subjects.

  3. #4

    Question Re: dummy subject again!



    After reading all these great examples from all of you, I hope I am right this time!!!


    1: It is difficult to please everybody.

    "it" = dummy subject. = what's difficult?

    "It" is an expletive: It is not meaningful
    just like the example in - It is raining = What's raining?

  4. whitemoon's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Burmese
      • Home Country:
      • Myanmar
      • Current Location:
      • Myanmar

    • Join Date: Aug 2006
    • Posts: 609
    #5

    Re: dummy subject again!

    Quote Originally Posted by kiwishop View Post


    After reading all these great examples from all of you, I hope I am right this time!!!


    1: It is difficult to please everybody.

    "it" = dummy subject. = what's difficult?
    Answer: To please everybody is difficult.

    "It" is an expletive: It is not meaningful
    just like the example in - It is raining = What's raining?
    Answer: Rain is raining.
    .

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