I'm wondering why native speakers use the following sentence patterns and which part of the sentence do they want to emphasize.
Tom stole the money yesterday.
It was Tom who stole the money yesterday.
It was the money that Tom stole yesterday.
It was yesterday that Tom stole the money.
In cleft sentences, the part of the sentence which is predicated is emphasised.
1. Pseudo-cleft Sentences
The jewels are hidden under the floor at 23 Robin Hood Road, Epping. ----> Under the floor at 23 Robin Hood Road is the place where the jewels are hidden.
Mary works harder than anybody else in this organisation. ----> Mary is the person in this organisation who works harder than anybody else.
The fronted part of the sentence is emphasised: 'under the floor at ...' and 'Mary'. The same holds good for the sentences below.
2 Inverted Sentences
I have never seen such a pretty cat. ----> Never have I seen such a pretty cat.
He didn't realize the importance of the problem until then. ----> Not until then did he realize the importance of the problem.
An apple fell down. ----> Down fell the apple.
His card was in my pocket. ----> In my pocket was his card.
The train comes here. ----> Here comes the train.
Thank you in advance.
Student or Learner