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  1. azkad's Avatar
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    #1

    Arrow as if vs as though

    Hi there,

    Could you please clarify the sentences below by differentiating them grammatically?

    1) He spoke as if he were a doctor.
    He spoke as though he were a doctor.

    2) there is an English grammar rule with COMPLEX OBJECT that say that "see" should be followed by either bare infinitive or 'ing':

    see smb do smth; see smb doing smth

    I came across a test that is a bit difficult to solve. However, I believe 'a' is the most appropriate, but it does not follow the grammar rule. why?

    In the street, I saw Nataliya ...........by visitors.
    a) surrounded b) surround c) surrounded

    Thans in advance.

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    #2

    Re: as if vs as though

    As if and as though are both subordinating conjunctions. Both are equally valid here. That is to say both sentences are correct.

    'Were' here is a case of the subjunctive in English, a rare thing nowadays.

    Give an example of the kind of sentence you are talking about in your second question.

    'surrounded by visitors' is correct

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    #3

    Re: as if vs as though

    Quote Originally Posted by azkad View Post
    2) there is an English grammar rule with COMPLEX OBJECT that say that "see" should be followed by either bare infinitive or 'ing':

    see smb do smth; see smb doing smth

    I came across a test that is a bit difficult to solve. However, I believe 'a' is the most appropriate, but it does not follow the grammar rule. why?

    In the street, I saw Nataliya ...........by visitors.
    a) surrounded b) surround c) surrounded
    Because the rule that you cite is quite unconnected with the sentence at issue! When you say 'see somebody do/doing something', that person is the agent of the infinitive (i.e. the performer of the action). In your test question, there is no action performed by Nataliya; 'surrounded by...' is a simple participial postmodifier, meaning 'who was surrounded...'.

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