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Thread: stem

  1. Senior Member
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    Please, I want to know the main difference between "root", "base" and "stem"
    (please, with examples)

  2. Soup's Avatar
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    Re: stem

    Hi sash2008

    A root is a morpheme that cannot be analyzed into smaller parts. When affixes (prefixes, suffixes) are added, a root becomes a stem:

    believe <root>
    believe+able <stem>

    The base is that part of the word which is left unchanged in inflection:

    believe <root>
    believes <root; -s = inflection>

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