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    • Join Date: Mar 2009
    • Posts: 38
    #1

    grammer structure and preposition

    Dear Teacher,

    I read the following quote on the NYT :

    "Ms. Taddei, a retired paralegal, then took her economizing a step further"

    what is the function of the word "economizing"
    in a grammer structure ,is it noun or present participle?

    I have a problem to choose the write preposition in/on/at , accept the regular words like date/places , can you please give me a tools to choose the correct preposition. for example I wrote "in a grammer " , "on NYT" and I am not sure that I wrote the correct preposition.
    waiting for your kind advice.

    rinotg


    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • England
      • Current Location:
      • England

    • Join Date: Feb 2005
    • Posts: 2,585
    #2

    Re: grammer structure and preposition

    Hello Rino,

    To answer your supplementary question first: you saw it in the NYT, and you want to know what function it has in that structure.

    AS for "economizing": it is a gerund, which is a kind of verbal noun. In your example, it is the object of "take", and is qualified by "my".

    Best wishes,

    MrP

    Not a professional ESL teacher.


    • Join Date: Mar 2009
    • Posts: 38
    #3

    Re: grammer structure and preposition

    Dear Mr.P

    First I would like to thank you for your reply.

    I will appreciate if you can advice how to choose the correct preposition.

    For example " I saw it on TV" for me it is not obvious, I could use " in" instead of "on".

    Thanks!!!

    Rinot

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • England
      • Current Location:
      • England

    • Join Date: Feb 2005
    • Posts: 2,585
    #4

    Re: grammer structure and preposition

    Hello Rinot,

    I don't believe there is a rule that will help you to distinguish when to use "on" and when to use "in", in such contexts; though perhaps paper publications tend towards "in", while broadcasts tend towards "on".

    For instance, you would say "in the NYT", but "on the NYT website", and "on the BBC World Service".

    But probably it is necessary to learn the prepositions case by case, unfortunately!

    Best wishes,

    MrP

    Not a professional ESL teacher.

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