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    • Join Date: May 2009
    • Posts: 17
    #1

    Difference(-ing)

    Hello,

    i would like to ask you something about '-ing'

    She wrote him a friendly letter.she thanked kim for his help.
    " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " and thanked him for his help.
    She wrote him a friendly letter,thanking him for his letter.

    what is the meaning of the third one?
    could you please explain it grammatically?

    Thank you.


    • Join Date: May 2009
    • Posts: 182
    #2

    Re: Difference(-ing)

    The first two separate the actions of writing the letter and thanking him for his help. We might assume that the letter she writes is the way she thanks him for his help, but that is not necessarily the case. She could have written him a friendly letter and then thanked him in person. Or perhaps it suggests that the letter is mostly friendly, but includes a note of thanks at the end.

    The third sentence suggests that the main intent of her friendly letter was to thank him for his letter. She wrote him a friendly letter. By writing the letter, she was thanking him for his letter. She wrote him a friendly letter, thus (by this action) thanking him for his letter.

    The subject of the second part is slightly ambiguous. It also could be: She wrote him a friendly letter. The letter thanked him for his help. This interpretation might be more likely if you omit the comma.


    • Join Date: May 2009
    • Posts: 17
    #3

    Re: Difference(-ing)

    Quote Originally Posted by nonsense View Post

    The third sentence suggests that the main intent of her friendly letter was to thank him for his letter. She wrote him a friendly letter. By writing the letter, she was thanking him for his letter. She wrote him a friendly letter, thus (by this action) thanking him for his letter.

    The subject of the second part is slightly ambiguous. It also could be: She wrote him a friendly letter. The letter thanked him for his help. This interpretation might be more likely if you omit the comma.

    Hello,

    First, thank you for your help,
    i think i couldn't exactly express what i'd like,
    These 3 sentences are the same meaning,i just wonder the function of -ind in the third one,is it an adverbial participle?if so, which one?, and also, i saw that:

    it rained for two weeks,completely ruining our holiday.

    what is said in this sentence?
    could u please explain to me?


    Thank you for your help.
    Last edited by soguksu; 21-May-2009 at 09:58.

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