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    • Join Date: Nov 2007
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    #1

    adverb usage

    Check this sentence:

    Hopefully he will finish it.

    Is this sentence grammatically incorrect because the adverb "hopefully" cannot modify the entire sentence and should modify only a single verb or an adjective?

    Please help.
    Thanks!

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    #2

    Re: adverb usage

    Quote Originally Posted by vscid View Post
    Check this sentence:

    Hopefully he will finish it.

    Is this sentence grammatically incorrect because the adverb "hopefully" cannot modify the entire sentence and should modify only a single verb or an adjective?

    Please help.
    Thanks!
    Actually, it can and does modify that entire sentence.
    Here, "Hopefully" means 'It is hoped' and functions as a special class of adverbs known as disjuncts.

    This is very common grammar.

    Luckily, I had another set of keys.

    hopefully definition | Dictionary.com

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    #3

    Re: adverb usage

    Quote Originally Posted by 2006 View Post
    Actually, it can and does modify that entire sentence.
    Here, "Hopefully" means 'It is hoped' and functions as a special class of adverbs known as disjuncts.

    This is very common grammar.

    Luckily, I had another set of keys.

    hopefully definition | Dictionary.com
    Agreed.

    Traditionally BrE usage limited this adverb to functioning as an adjunct, but AmE - probably under the influence of its German cognate 'hoffentlich' - has long accepted it as a disjunct (or 'sentence-adverbial'), and BrE is rapidly following suit. Few contemporary speakers would find this usage exceptionable.

    Philo

    P.S. In a recent exchange, 2006, I had occasion to question your status as a native-speaker, a conclusion to which I was led by some errors in your post (missing articles) that tend to suggest non-native competency. Having read more of your comments, however, I now believe that these were almost certainly no more than careless omissions.

    I would like to take this opportunity to offer my apologies!

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    #4

    Re: adverb usage

    Quote Originally Posted by philo2009 View Post

    I would like to take this opportunity to offer my apologies!
    An apology is not really need, but of course is still accepted.
    Any time someone thinks I am wrong, they are more than welcome to tell me so in no uncertain terms. (my skin is pretty thick)

    I certainly have made my own contrary opinion very clear a number of times, and I take this opportunity to offer my apologies as well.

    Sometimes the disagreements do get personal, but they are essentially language-based and not primarily personal.



    2006

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