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    #1

    present participle?

    Dear Teacher,

    Following a quote from FT:

    "Rest assured that we are working hard to have the site functioning normally as soon as possible"

    Is the word "functioning" an adjective or noun or verb+ing part of present continues tense?

    I can tell u that every time I meet infinitive+ing I'm confused whether it is present participle/adjective etc.

    Waiting for your kind reply,

    Rinot


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    #2

    Re: present participle?

    have + main verb + -ing = causative - dynamic
    have + main verb = causative - static

    "functioning" is present participle in form but a participle (without 'present'), an adjective that modifies 'the site,' concerning its function.

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    #3

    Re: present participle?

    Quote Originally Posted by svartnik View Post
    have + main verb + -ing = causative - dynamic
    have + main verb = causative - static

    "functioning" is present participle in form but a participle (without 'present'), an adjective that modifies 'the site,' concerning its function.
    Quite correct: participle.

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    #4

    Re: present participle?

    Quote Originally Posted by rinotg View Post
    Dear Teacher,

    Following a quote from FT:

    "Rest assured that we are working hard to have the site functioning normally as soon as possible"

    Is the word "functioning" an adjective or noun or verb+ing part of present continues tense?

    I can tell u that every time I meet infinitive+ing I'm confused whether it is present participle/adjective etc.

    Waiting for your kind reply,

    Rinot
    The evidence is as such:

    • the site is functioning normally


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    #5

    Re: present participle?

    Thanks!!!

    You wrote a present continuase tense which "functioning" is a verb , but the sentense that I quoted is different and I think that "functioning" is participle "an adjective that modifies 'the site', and 'normally' is an adv that modify the adj "functioning".


    can I remove "is" from a present continues tense" ?

    Rinot


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    #6

    Re: present participle?

    Rinot, I only understood this part of your previous post:

    can I remove "is" from a present continues tense"?

    So I am going to answer only this part. In a word: no.

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    #7

    Re: present participle?

    Quote Originally Posted by rinotg View Post
    Thanks!!!

    You wrote a present continuase tense which "functioning" is a verb , but the sentense that I quoted is different and I think that "functioning" is participle "an adjective that modifies 'the site', and 'normally' is an adv that modify the adj "functioning".


    can I remove "is" from a present continues tense" ?

    Rinot
    The present continuous is made up of two words: (1) a form of the verb to be (e.g., is) and (2) a present participle (e.g., functioning). Remove the verb and you are left with the present participle. The result is an adjective:

    • ... to have the site functioning normally...


    We know it's an adjective because it modifies the noun 'the site', and here's a test to prove that. Insert a form of the verb to be and if the sentence makes sense, then you know you are dealing with a participle. Like this,

    • The site is functioning normally.


    Now, that's just a test to find out the role of the -ing word. You wouldn't add it to the sentence. The following sentence is ungrammatical:

    • ... to have the site is functioning normally ...


    I hope that answers your question.

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