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Thread: The symbol ~

  1. nlb

    The symbol ~

    What does the ~ symbol mean over a word?

  2. Casiopea's Avatar

    • Join Date: Sep 2003
    • Posts: 12,970

    Re: The symbol ~

    Quote Originally Posted by nlb
    What does the ~ symbol mean over a word?
    That symbol is called a tilde, pronounced till-d, and in language it's placed above a single letter, not a word, to represent nasalization, or sounds produced by sending air from the lungs out through the nasal cavity, the nose.

    Here's what has to say on the matter:
    Quote Originally Posted by wikipedia
    In languages, tilde is a diacritic mark (~) placed over a letter to indicate a change in pronunciation, such as nasalisation.

    In Portuguese, and represent nasalized a and o. In Estonian, is a separate letter, representing a separate vowel sound.

    In Spanish, tilde over n () is a separate letter (called ee) and is a palatal [n] (SAMPA J, IPA [ɲ]), pronounced like nh in Portuguese.

    In Vietnamese, a tilde over a vowel represents a dipping (ng) tone.

    In the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), the tilde is used to mark nasalization and is placed above any phone that is nasalized.

    The tilde was originally used as a form of contraction in Latin documents. When an n or m followed a vowel, it was often omitted, and a tilde placed over the preceding vowel to indicate the loss of the nasal. This is the origin of the use of tilde to indicate nasalization.

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