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  1. Senior Member
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    #1

    ??

    Antonymy, hyponymy, or synonymy?

    John thinks she is unmarried although she is divorced.

  2. Mrs Irons's Avatar

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    #2

    Re: ??

    First of all, it's necessary to clear up these three terminologies:

    antonym
    (technical) a word that means the opposite of another word: 'Old' has two possible antonyms: 'young' and 'new'.
    synonym
    a word or expression that has the same or nearly the same meaning as another in the same language: 'Big' and 'large' are synonyms.


    hyponym
    In linguistics, a hyponym is a word or phrase whose semantic range is included within that of another word. For example, scarlet, vermilion, carmine, and crimson are all hyponyms of red (their hypernym), which is, in turn, a hyponym of colour.

    In this case, unmarried (not married, single) and divorced (no longer married) apparently don't make a pair of antonyms, neither do they seem to be synonym/hyponym for the other. In my opinion, they are different marital status, which are exclusive of each other.



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    #3

    Re: ??

    Thank you Mrs Iron for the definitions. I agree with your opinion.
    However, it must be one of the three options. It is in my exam.
    Last edited by sash2008; 11-Jun-2009 at 17:21.

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    #4

    Re: ??

    Teachers,
    Please, I am waiting for your answer.

  5. Barb_D's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: ??

    I think you can be unmarried at least three different ways: never married, divorced, or widowed. I suppose annulled counts as "never married"? Or maybe not, so that would make four ways to be unmarried.

    So that makes it hyponym. But I don't understand the use of "although." That implies a contradiction.

  6. Senior Member
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    #6

    Re: ??

    Quote Originally Posted by Barb_D View Post
    I think you can be unmarried at least three different ways: never married, divorced, or widowed. I suppose annulled counts as "never married"? Or maybe not, so that would make four ways to be unmarried.

    So that makes it hyponym. But I don't understand the use of "although." That implies a contradiction.

    Thank you
    yes, I agree with you concerning your opinion about the relationship between them.
    Also, I think the use of "although" is not suitable.
    But my only concern is the relationship between those two words in general, regardless of this sentence.
    "unmarried" and "divorced"

  7. Barb_D's Avatar
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    #7

    Re: ??

    As I said, "divorced" is a subset of "unmarried," along with "Single" and "widowed."

  8. Senior Member
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    #8

    Re: ??

    Quote Originally Posted by Barb_D View Post
    As I said, "divorced" is a subset of "unmarried," along with "Single" and "widowed."



    Kinds of Antonymy:

    1.Implicitly graded antonyms:
    The negation of one does not imply the assertion of the other and
    the assertion of one does not imply the negation of the other.

    big X small
    young X old
    tall X short

    2.Complementaity:
    The negation of one does imply the assertion of the other and
    the assertion of one does imply the negation of the other.

    dead X alive


    3.Incompatible:
    The negation of one does not imply the assertion of the others, but
    the assertion of one does imply the negation of the others.

    It is a set of terms like
    colours (red, blue, yellow, .....)
    seasons (summer, winter, autumn, spring)
    months (January, February, March,......)
    shapes (circle, triangle, square,......)

    3.Converseness:
    opposite directions
    buy X sell
    give X take
    doctor X patient
    teacher X student


    That is why I am confused. I think that it is hyponymy, but it may be an antonymy (incompatible)




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    #9

    Re: ??

    I don't understand why you think they are incompatible.

    I am single. Therefore I am unmarried.
    I am divorced. Therefore I am unmarried.
    I am a widow. Therefore I am unmarried.

    With "divorced" being a subset of ways to not be married, isn't that a clear case of hyponymy?

  10. Senior Member
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    #10

    Re: ??

    Quote Originally Posted by Barb_D View Post
    I don't understand why you think they are incompatible.
    Quote Originally Posted by Barb_D View Post

    I am single. Therefore I am unmarried.
    I am divorced. Therefore I am unmarried.
    I am a widow. Therefore I am unmarried.

    With "divorced" being a subset of ways to not be married, isn't that a clear case of hyponymy?


    Thank you very much.
    I am just worried because this was a question in my exam and many of my friends consider it as incompatible, so they have written that it is an antonymy.
    They think that it is like this:
    marriage status (single, married, divorced, widow, .....)
    like:

    colours (red, blue, yellow, .....)
    seasons (summer, winter, autumn, spring)

    Any way, I agree with you.
    Last edited by sash2008; 12-Jun-2009 at 16:38.

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