Results 1 to 2 of 2
  1. allycross
    Guest
    #1

    Question forms and meaning

    Hi there, I wonder if anyone can help. I am taking the CELTA and really enjoying it although I am struggling with a couple of things namely grammer forms. Below are the sentences that I need to identify the forms of and their meaning. In capitals is what I have answered. Any corrections, advice or guidance would be most appreciated!

    I was going to phone you yesterday, but I forgot.
    SUBJECT+PAST CONTINUOUS OR FUTURE USING GOING TO? INTENTION?
    MEANING - AN INTENTION TO DO SOMETHING IN THE PAST THAT STILL HASN'T BEEN COMPLETED??

    She must have gone home by now.
    SUBJECT + MUST HAVE (modal verb) + PAST PARTICIPLE
    MEANING - TO EXPRESS CERTAINTY ABOUT SOMETHING THAT HAPPENED IN THE PAST. E.G. IT SEEMS CERTAIN THAT SHE HAS GONE HOME.

    Open the window, will you?
    IMPERATIVE + OBJECT+ WILL YOU (question tag)
    MEANING - CONDITIONAL SENTENCES. TO TELL OR ASK PEOPLE TO DO THIINGS (interpersonal uses)

    I wonder if you'd mind opening the window.
    PRESENT SIMPLE + if + WOULD MIND (modal verb) + PROGRESSIVE + OBJECT
    MEANING - A POLITE REQUEST

    She's phoned 3 times today.
    SUBJECT + PRESENT PERFECT
    MEANING - SOMETHING THAT HAPPENED IN THE PAST THAT STILL HAS RELEVANCE NOW

    She phoned 3 times today.
    SUBJECT + PAST SIMPLE
    MEANING - AN ACTION THAT WAS COMPLETED IN THE PAST.

    Many thanks for your time and help.
    Ally

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • UK
      • Current Location:
      • Laos

    • Join Date: Nov 2002
    • Posts: 52,337
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #2

    Re: forms and meaning

    I was going to phone you yesterday, but I forgot.
    SUBJECT+PAST CONTINUOUS OR FUTURE USING GOING TO? INTENTION?
    MEANING - AN INTENTION TO DO SOMETHING IN THE PAST THAT STILL HASN'T BEEN COMPLETED??
    It's the past continuous/progressive for a past intention that was not realised.

    Open the window, will you?
    IMPERATIVE + OBJECT+ WILL YOU (question tag)
    MEANING - CONDITIONAL SENTENCES
    I can't see the condition here; the question uses the modal will that we use in requests, which makes the imperative less bossy.

Similar Threads

  1. Plural forms of some nouns
    By nyota in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 09-Jun-2009, 14:12
  2. meaning
    By daisy1352 in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 31-Dec-2008, 08:24
  3. the meaning of "simple" in "the simple present"
    By guzhao67 in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 30-Dec-2008, 20:55
  4. please explain is there any difference in meaning
    By new2grammar in forum Literature
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 09-May-2008, 12:37
  5. 43-what is the meaning of?????
    By matilda in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 24-Feb-2006, 09:24

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •