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  1. Dawood Usmani's Avatar
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    #1

    Question What parts of speech are these words?

    Hi dear teachers!
    What parts of speech are the following underlined words? Are these modal verbs that show future like will? Please explain......

    1- The train is about to leave.
    2- She is going to buy a car.

    Thanks a million
    Dawood

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    #2

    Exclamation Re: What parts of speech are these words?

    Quote Originally Posted by dawoodusmani View Post
    Hi dear teachers!
    What parts of speech are the following underlined words? Are these modal verbs that show future like will? Please explain......

    1- The train is about to leave.
    2- She is going to buy a car.

    Thanks a million
    Dawood
    1. Here "about" is functioning as an adverb.
    2. "going' is "ing" form of verb "go" used here as another form of future continuous: be going to. You can also express this sentence as: She will be buying a car.

  2. Dawood Usmani's Avatar
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    #3

    Question Re: What parts of speech are these words?

    Quote Originally Posted by sarat_106 View Post
    1. Here "about" is functioning as an adverb.
    2. "going' is "ing" form of verb "go" used here as another form of future continuous: be going to. You can also express this sentence as: She will be buying a car.
    But my question remains unanswered. My question was what is going in that sentence, whether an adjective, adverb, a noun or something else? I already know all the uses of be going to but only want to know what word is this while being used for future.
    Hope to get an expert anser soon.
    Looking forward to the answer.....

  3. opa6x57's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: What parts of speech are these words?

    I'm not a teacher...
    Quote Originally Posted by dawoodusmani View Post
    But my question remains unanswered. My question was what is going in that sentence, whether an adjective, adverb, a noun or something else? I already know all the uses of be going to but only want to know what word is this while being used for future.
    Hope to get an expert anser soon.
    Looking forward to the answer.....

    In the above sentence, going is a predicate adjective.

    Subject: she
    Verb: is (linking verb)
    Predicate adjective: going
    Adjectival clause describing 'going': to buy a car

  4. Dawood Usmani's Avatar
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    #5

    Question Re: What parts of speech are these words?

    Quote Originally Posted by opa6x57 View Post
    I'm not a teacher...



    In the above sentence, going is a predicate adjective.

    Subject: she
    Verb: is (linking verb)
    Predicate adjective: going
    Adjectival clause describing 'going': to buy a car
    Very smart answer!
    Thanks for helpful explanation. Also, do you agree with the above poster that about is an adverb in the train is about to leave? As far as I think it's an adjective too.
    What do you say?

  5. opa6x57's Avatar
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    #6

    Re: What parts of speech are these words?

    Quote Originally Posted by dawoodusmani View Post
    Very smart answer!
    Thanks for helpful explanation. Also, do you agree with the above poster that about is an adverb in the train is about to leave? As far as I think it's an adjective too.
    What do you say?

    If you diagram that sentence, you get:

    Subject: The train
    Verb: is (again, linking verb)

    So - "about to leave" is a prepositional phrase describing what the train is. The phrase is a predicate adjective, but the word about is a preposition.



    Please note: I found that predicate adjective is also referred to as subjective complement ... I've personally never heard that particular term before, however.


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    #7

    Re: What parts of speech are these words?

    Quote Originally Posted by dawoodusmani View Post
    Hi dear teachers!
    What parts of speech are the following underlined words? Are these modal verbs that show future like will? Please explain......

    1- The train is about to leave.
    2- She is going to buy a car.

    Thanks a million
    Dawood
    be (about ) to, be going to are semi-auxiliaries.

    to buy a car is an adjective complement, but not an adjective, mind.

  6. Dawood Usmani's Avatar
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    #8

    Question Re: What parts of speech are these words?

    Quote Originally Posted by opa6x57 View Post
    If you diagram that sentence, you get:

    Subject: The train
    Verb: is (again, linking verb)

    So - "about to leave" is a prepositional phrase describing what the train is. The phrase is a predicate adjective, but the word about is a preposition.



    Please note: I found that predicate adjective is also referred to as subjective complement ... I've personally never heard that particular term before, however.
    But prepositions (except but and except) never take infinitive. Do they? Conversely, they take gerund. Don't they?


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    #9

    Re: What parts of speech are these words?

    Quote Originally Posted by dawoodusmani View Post
    But prepositions (except but and except) never take infinitive. Do they? Conversely, they take gerund. Don't they?
    about is an adverb in

    The train is about to leave.

  7. Dawood Usmani's Avatar
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    #10

    Question Re: What parts of speech are these words?

    Quote Originally Posted by svartnik View Post
    about is an adverb in

    The train is about to leave.
    Thanks for your help. If about is an adverb, what kind of adverb is it? Also, what is "to leave" then? Please explain.

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