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NewHope

Senior Member
Joined
Jul 29, 2004
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Native Language
Chinese
Home Country
China
Current Location
China
What does "by" mean?

Context:

Reports of differences that have surfaced with increasing intensity in recent months had more to do with competing power bases and jockeying by proteges within the party than fundamental policy differences, he said.
 

Casiopea

VIP Member
Joined
Sep 21, 2003
Member Type
Other
NewHope said:
What does "by" mean?

Context:

Reports of differences that have surfaced with increasing intensity in recent months had more to do with competing power bases and jockeying by proteges within the party than fundamental policy differences, he said.

'by' markes the subject/actor/doer of 'jockeying':

by proteges => proteges jockeying within the party

All the best, :D
 
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