Can "by" be omitted?

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naomi_126

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Hello, I have a question about "by". When it is used to describe as a method of doing something, the "by" can be omitted?
I have an example line.

*Poeple tried to get rid of the sealions using firecrakers.
I took this as : People tried to get rid of the sealions by using firecrakers. so that I could take this "using" as a nounverb. But could this "using" be present participle? However, in that case, I'm not sure what "using" is modifying.


I have no problem understanding it, but when I see this from grammatical perspective, I don't quite see it.

Thank you.
 
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SoothingDave

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Yes, a "by" is understood.

You could read the sentence as saying that the sea lions were using firecrackers, but common sense tells us that isn't what is meant.
 

naomi_126

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Yes, a "by" is understood.

You could read the sentence as saying that the sea lions were using firecrackers, but common sense tells us that isn't what is meant.



Thank you for your reply. I'm glad to know I was in the right page.
But I need to explain to my student grammatically..
Is it like an idiom of "get rid of noun ..ing" that means "get rid of something by doing ...?"
Thanks
 

Raymott

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Thank you for your reply. I'm glad to know I was in the right page.
But I need to explain to my student grammatically..
Is it like an idiom of "get rid of noun ..ing" that means "get rid of something by doing ...?"
Thanks
No, it's not an idiom. 'by' means 'by using the technique/manner of', or something like that. But that is often understood.
"He earned extra money working on weekends" = "He earned money by working on weekends." There's no difference in meaning for most purposes.
"She became famous making movies." = "She became famous by making movies."
 
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