[Grammar] Confusion about past participles..

rambharosey

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Oct 29, 2010
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Student or Learner
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Hindi
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India
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India
Greetings! I have 2 questions:

a) I have been under the impression that participles don't have any tense of their own and that they derive their tense from the main verb. But, how about this:

Retired from the army, Jack is settled in Florida.

Clearly, here, the past participial phrase "Retired from the army" is basically suggesting that Jack (in the past) retired from the army, while the main verb (is settled) is in simple present.

b) What is the difference (in meaning and in grammar) between these two sentences:

Retired from the army, Jack is settled in Florida.
Having retired from the army, Jack is settled in Florida.

Regards,
Bharosey
 

Rover_KE

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Jun 20, 2010
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Jon Bass, please read this extract from the forum's Posting Guidelines:

You are welcome to answer questions posted in the Ask a Teacher forum as long as your suggestions, help, and advice reflect a good understanding of the English language. If you are not a teacher, you will need to state that clearly in your post. Please note, all posts are moderated by our in-house language experts, so make sure your suggestions, help, and advice provide the kind of information an international language teacher would offer. If not, and your posts do not contribute to the topic in a positive way, they will be subject to deletion.
 
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