definite article: the

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5jj

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There is only one of these things.

The 'matter' in #1 is the problem/difficulty that the addressee seems to be facing.
The 'purpose' is defined in #2
 

Winwin2011

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There is only one of these things.

The 'matter' in #1 is the problem/difficulty that the addressee seems to be facing.
The 'purpose' is defined in #2

Thanks, 5jj.

I'm sorry I still don't understand.Do you mean "1. What's the matter? 2. What's the purpose of your visit?" apply to the following rule?

We use the definite article in front of a noun when we believe the hearer/reader knows exactly what we are referring to.
• because there is only one:

What do you mean for the following?

The 'matter' in #1 is the problem/difficulty that the addressee seems to be facing.
The 'purpose' is defined in #2
 
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5jj

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The 'matter' in #1 is the particular problem/difficulty that the addressee seems to be facing. No other 'matter' is involved; There is only one.

The 'purpose' is defined as that of your visit. No other problem is involved; There is only one.
 
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